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// Connects to MySQL database server from
// C or C++ program.

//                                         //
// Connecting C++ Win32 App To MySQL       //
//                                         //
// You found this at bobobobo's weblog,    //
//           //
//                                         //
// Creation date:  Apr 5/09                //
// Last modified:  Apr 5/09                //
//                                         //

// !! Note!  I've included copies of the MySQL
// include headers and library files.. I've done this
// so that the project will compile and run
// more easily for you, but this DOES NOT mean
// that you should skip the SETUP-Y stuff section
// below!

// If you want MySQL to work easily for you in new
// projects, you really should set up Visual Studio
// as explained below.

#pragma region all the setup-y stuff
// MAKINET WORK: (any prince of persia 2 the shadow and the flame fans out there?)
// 1)  First, you OBVIOUSLY must install MySQL.
//     Be sure to download the 32-BIT VERSION (NOT THE x64)
//     of MySQL 5.1 - "Windows MSI Installer"
//     Located at
//     DO NOT GET __ANY__ x64 crap EVEN IF you are on
//     windows 64 bit, ALWAYS use the NORMAL (non-64 bit)
//     stuff (see Ancient Dragon's comments for why:

//     Done that?  GOOD!!  Onto step 2.

// 2)  ENSURE THAT mysql.h is in your VISUAL STUDIO
//     PROJECT PATH SETTINGS.  If you don't do this,
//     then you'll may an error of the form of:

// Error	1	fatal error C1083: Cannot open include file: 'mysql.h':
//          No such file or directory

// For me, mysql.h is in :
// C:\Program Files\MySQL\MySQL Server 5.1\include

// But you have to tell VISUAL STUDIO THAT!!  IT doesn't know.

// Need to edit Visual Studio INCLUDE Directory settings.  here's how.

// SO I, click
//   1  TOOLS -> OPTIONS
//   2  PROJECTS AND SOLUTIONS -> VC++ DIRECTORIES (left hand panel)

//   3  (now in right hand panel),
//    from the two dropdowns there
//      (hanging like two microsoft eyes..), uh,

//   4  you just make sure under PLATFORM,
//      it says Win32,

//   5  and under SHOW DIRECTORIES FOR,
//      it says INCLUDE FILES.

//   6  THEN, click the SHINY YELLOW FOLDER,
//      and then click the '...'
//   7  and navigate to your MySQL INSTALL DIR\INCLUDE
//      add that folder there.

//    For me, I end up with an extra entry in that list that says:

//       C:\Program Files\MySQL\MySQL Server 5.1\include

//    yours may be slightly different, but not too different,
//    hey, don't try and be cool here by being REALLY different please.

// OK?  So now the #include below should work for you.
// If it doesn't, INSTALL MYSQL FIRST!

#include <windows.h>
#include <stdio.h>

// To get autocomplete to work, you may have to right-click
// your Header Files -> Add Existing Item... and pick
// mysql.h and add it to your project.  I've copy and pasted
// the file into this project, though.

// !!
// You may only use the form below if you have followed the
// installation instructions above.
/////#include <mysql.h>

#include "mysql_include/mysql.h"  // use this form if you haven't "installed"
// MySQL header files into visual studio as explained above.

// You must also add C:\Program Files\MySQL\MySQL Server 5.1\lib\debug
// to your Visual Studio LIBRARY directory settings (follow steps above again, except
// at step 5, you choose "SHOW DIRECTORIES FOR -> LIBRARY FILES"
// and at step 7, you add C:\Program Files\MySQL\MySQL Server 5.1\lib\debug
// (or whatever yours really is)

// !!
// You may only use the form below if you have followed the
// installation instructions above.
/////#pragma comment( lib, "libmysql.lib" )

#pragma comment( lib, "mysql_lib/debug/libmysql.lib" )  // use this form if you haven't "installed"
// MySQL header files into visual studio as explained above.

// libmysql.lib is what is termed an "import library" - basically
// it is what wires up function calls in this program to MYSQL
// functionality to the libmysql.dll file.

// So what about libmysql.dll?

// FINALLY, ENSURE TO COPY libmysql.dll to EITHER:  the \Debug folder
// of this project (WHERE THE FINAL .EXE RESIDES), __OR__, to
// C:\WINDOWS\System32 (if that doesn't work, then copy it to C:\WINDOWS\System).

// For me, libmysql.dll lives in
// C:\Program Files\MySQL\MySQL Server 5.1\lib\debug
// Its also included in the mysql_lib/debug folder of
// this project.

// To quote Charlie Charlie Petzold, Programming windows 5th ed:
// You can put a DLL file:

// A dynamic library must be present on the disk
// when a program is run that uses the library.
// When Windows needs to load a DLL module before running
// a program that requires it, the librar must be stored:
//   1.  In the directory containing the .exe program
//   2.  the current directory
//   3.  the Windows system directory
//   4.  the windows directory
//   5.  or a directory accessibel through the PATH string in the MS-DOC environment

// The directories are searched in the above order.

#pragma endregion

#pragma region CODING WITH MYSQL

// Globals
MYSQL mysql;    // the MYSQL global object.  Passed to mysql_init,
                // and there's only one of this.

MYSQL * conn ;  // represents connection to database

int main()
  // OK!!  Now that you've got all the setup-y stuff out of the way, its
  // time to connect to MySQL!!

  // here are some great references:
  // 1)
  // 2)
  mysql_init( &mysql ) ;
  // ABOUT mysql_real_connect():
  conn = mysql_real_connect(  &mysql,
                              "localhost",// synonymous with
                              "root",     // connect as user="root".  Uh, bad security here..
                              "",         // my root password is blank.  REALLY bad security :)
                              "mysql",    // connect to the 'mysql' _database_ within MySQL itself.
                                          // if you create another database, then you can
                                          // specify you'd like to connect to that one here.

                              0,          // port.  Mine is on 3306, but you can leave it as 0
                                          // and it seems to work automatically.

                              0,          // unix_socket (not in use)

                              0 ) ;       // client flag:  usually 0, unless you want special features (see docs page)
  // At this point you may be wondering, ok,
  // so if this is real_connect, what's fake_connect?
  // There is a mysql_connect() function!  Which is
  // basically the "fake" connect... see docs, but
  // the "fake" functions (mysql_query(), mysql_connect()),
  // are like watered down version of their _real_ counterparts.
  // Sometimes useful, sometimes not.  Again, see docs pages.

  // Check if connection succeeded.
  if( conn == NULL )
    printf("Couldn't connect to MySQL database server!\n");
    printf("Error: %s\n", mysql_error( &mysql ) ) ;
    return 1 ;
    printf("Connect success\n") ;

  #pragma region running an actual query
  // Here, we are connected.
  // form a sql string to execute.
  char * query = "select * from user" ;
  int queryState;

  queryState = mysql_query( conn, query ) ;

  if( queryState != 0 )
    printf("Whoops!  The query failed.  Error:  %s\n", mysql_error( conn ) );
    return 1 ;

  // here, query succeeded, so we can proceed
  // to pull out results.
  MYSQL_RES * resultset ;
  MYSQL_ROW row;  // MYSQL_ROW is #defined as (char **)
  // Data ALWAYS comes back from MySQL as
  // an array of strings.  To convert it
  // to ints or whatever is YOUR JOB as the programmer.

  // mysql_store_result basically fetches
  // the entire array of results and dumps them
  // into our local program memory space (all
  // in the resultset variable.
  resultset = mysql_store_result( conn );

  // How many rows will there be?
  int numRows = mysql_num_rows( resultset ) ;
  printf( "There are %d ROWS (records) of data\n", numRows ) ;

  // Now tell me what columns there are
  // in the result set.
  int numFields = mysql_num_fields( resultset ) ;
  printf( "There are %d FIELDS (columns) of data\n", numFields ) ;

  // Print all those column by name
  MYSQL_FIELD * fields = mysql_fetch_fields( resultset ) ;
  for( int i = 0 ; i < numFields ; i++ )
    printf( "%25.25s", fields[i].name ) ;

  printf( "\n" ) ;
  // print all results
  while( row = mysql_fetch_row( resultset ) )
    // row is 2d array of char
    // underlying type is char **
    for ( int i = 0; i < numFields ; i++ )
      printf( "%25.25s", row[ i ] ) ;

    // next row
    printf( "\n" ) ;

  #pragma endregion
  // Now free the result
  mysql_free_result( resultset );

  // And close down.
  mysql_close( conn ) ;
  return 0;

#pragma endregion // CODING WITH MYSQL

// Your hands quiver with power.

// You are now a MySQL GURU.

// For the record, there's also:
// Connector C++:
// MySQL++:

// I chose not to use either library because.. well, I dislike
// additional layers.

// "This application has failed to start because LIBMYSQL.dll
// was not found.  Re-installing the application may fix this problem."

// So, like internet superhero says, you have 3 options:
// [ ]
// 1.  Copy LIBMYSQL.dll into you Windows system directory (C:\Windows\system and/or C:\windows\system32, whichever spins your wheels)
// 2.  You copy LIBMYSQL.dll into the current working directory 
// 3.  You add the location of the LIBMYSQL.dll to your path setting, for example using SET PATH=%PATH%;C:\path\to\LIBMYSQL.dll

// LIBMYSQL.dll is somewhere in your MYSQL INSTALLATION directory..
// so find it, and copy LIBYMSQL.dll to C:\Windows\System32 and/or C:\Windows\System
// OR copy it to the \Debug directory for this project (where the final .exe resides)

// Final note:  static lib compiling.
//#pragma comment( lib, "mysqlclient.lib" )   // doesn't work.. produces 76 errors of the form
// Error	1	error LNK2005: __aligned_malloc already defined in MSVCRTD.lib(MSVCR90D.dll)	       (from file LIBCMTD.lib)
// root of problem seems to be in the warning:
//  Warning 44 warning LNK4098: defaultlib 'MSVCRTD' conflicts with use of other libs; use /NODEFAULTLIB:library

// Problem docs:

// MikeAThon, at the bottom of the second post there, says
// LIBCMT is the static C-runtime library (and is multi-threaded),
// whereas MSVCRTD is the dynamic linking C-runtime. See
// "How to link with the correct C Run-Time (CRT) library" at
//;EN-US;Q140584& .
// According to that KB article, "the linker will issue a warning
// (LNK4098) if a resulting module attempts to combine more than
// one copy of the CRT library"

// So go into linker -> input -> ignore all default libraries (/NODEFAULTLIB)
// See Internet Superhero again for more help

Download Visual Studio 2008 project files on esnips (thanks esnips!)


    • yogendra
    • Posted October 1, 2010 at 6:01 pm
    • Permalink

    tell me ………….. by email?
    which software i use for c programming to built database and windos program……….
    i request you ………………….

    • Carlos Pirela
    • Posted April 21, 2011 at 8:41 am
    • Permalink

    Me loves you! Dude I’ve been trying to get this to work for like a week, i cant believe how misinformed or misleading C++ community is regarding databases or how google seems to delete any search about it, i cant even remember how i finally found your blog and i absolutely love it, instead of trying to find a single working way to get databases (ANY) i found 2 WAYS and using MySQL which is the one I’m using. Thank you so much.

  1. cool! Thanks for sharing Ive been coding for days trying to do exactly just like this. Thank you again!

  2. Hi,

    Really like to thank you for this article … helped me big time!

    In case anyone’s having problems with later versions, I’m using …

    Windows 7
    VC++ 2010 Express
    MySQL 5.5 (located in c:\xampp\mysql\)

    … where I had to add ‘additional directories’ to ‘All configurations’ of each project …

    * Right-click solution and choose Properties.
    * Make sure ‘All configurations’ is chosen (rather than just Debug or Release, say)
    * Choose Configuration Properties
    – C/C++ – General – Additional Include Directories
    Add: C:\xampp\mysql\include;
    – Linker – General – Additional Library Directories
    Add: C:\xampp\mysql\lib;

    Hope that helps!

    • sumanth
    • Posted May 17, 2012 at 2:14 pm
    • Permalink

    Hi , it was awesome . i use WINDOWS 7 , DOSBOX FOR C . whe i run d code, im getting the error as

    Unable to open include file mysql.h
    Unable to open include file mysql_version.h
    Unable to open include file mysql_time.h
    Unable to open include file mysql_con.h

    even though all these were in library . pls help me :( . thank is advance

  3. 1>LINK : fatal error LNK1104: cannot open file ‘libmysql.lib’ i am getting this error i have done all the procedure that is in this site can you please help me to solve this i am doing this on windows 32 bit server

    • abhinaya
    • Posted June 27, 2013 at 10:19 am
    • Permalink

    Im getting errors like >RetailStore.obj : error LNK2001: unresolved external symbol _mysql_error@4
    1>RetailStore.obj : error LNK2001: unresolved external symbol _mysql_real_connect@32
    1>RetailStore.obj : error LNK2001: unresolved external symbol _mysql_init@4
    can someone please help??
    and thanks a lot for this article.. :)

4 Trackbacks/Pingbacks

  1. […] Getting started with MySQL in C++ « Bobobobo’s Weblog […]

  2. […] Native C api – compile and link-in code that can talk to MySQL WITHIN your app. This is ALMOST like making MySQL “part of your program” […]

  3. […] Starting from my previous program (Windows), connecting in Mac OS X is even EASIER, only there are a couple’a gotchas. […]

  4. […] download, intallasi, mbuat connection sampai contoh code untuk melakukan query ada disini. Untuk memudahkan proses develop, header file dan lib […]

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